More about MongoliaAll you need for your trip to Mongolia... Mongolia: Land of the Blue Sky, Country of the Nomads. Once the heartland of an empire stretching to Europe under Genghis Khan, Mongolia is a landlocked country dominated by sparsely populated steppe and semi-desert. It is a vast emptiness that links land and sky, and is one of the last few places on the planet where nomadic life is still a living tradition.
When applying for a Mongolia tourist visa, you must provide your passport, with at least 6 months validity from the date of the visa's expiry, a completed and signed visa application form and one passport-size recent photo.
Your Mongolia tourist visa will make you eligible to visit Mongolia for no longer than 30 days, with single, double and multiple entry options available. Additionally, the Mongolia tourist visa does not allow the visa holder to engage in any kind of Mongolian employment during their stay.
Required Materials to obtain Mongolian Visa
- Valid passport (Your passport should be valid for a minimum period of 6 months from the date of entry into Mongolia.)
- One passport size photo
- Application form PDF ( Visa Application Form) ( Visa Application Form for tourists
The processing time for a Mongolia visa takes between 2-5 working days, but this is subject to change. A Mongolia visa's processing time depends very much on the type of visa, the nationality of the person applying, the time of year and other variables.
List of countries and regions without visa fee
- India – All types of passport
- Hong Kong-Diplomatic and official passports
Diplomatic and official passport holders do not require a Mongolia Visa
(Ordinary passport holders need visa)
Holders of a diplomatic or official passport from the countries of the People’s Republic of China, Vietnam, Bulgaria, Thailand, Romania, Chile, Russia, Laos, Yugoslavia, Czech, Slovak, Mexico, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Turkey and Republic of Korea do not require a Mongolia visa.
LIST OF COUNTRIES AND REGIONS WITH NON-VISA REGIME FOR ALL TYPES OF PASSPORT HOLDERS
List of countries no need a visa for 90 days.
List of countries no need a visa for 30 days.
List of countries no need a visa for 21 days.
List of countries no need a visa for 14 days.
- Hong Kong
How to get to Mongolia
You can get to Mongolia through famous Trans Siberian Railways which covers Russia, Mongolia and China. Also, there are many International carries that flies from and to Mongolia. There are bus services between China and Mongolia.
- MIAT (Mongolian National Air Carrier)-http://www.miat.com/index.php?lang=en
- Air China -http://www.airchina.com.cn/en/
- Korean Air-https://www.koreanair.com/global/en.html
- Turkish Airlines-https://www.turkishairlines.com/en-int/
Travelers can take almost daily flights to/from Mongolia to/from any destinations of the world transferring through Beijing Capital International Airport and Seoul, Incheon International Airport.
There are daily flights to/from Beijing and Seoul
Twice a week to/from Berlin, Moscow, Tokyo and Hong Kong
World’s major cities that have flights to/from Mongolia
- Frankfurt ( Frankfurt Airport-FRA) – MIAT Mongolian Airlines( Seasonal-from June to September)
- Berlin ( Berlin Brandenburg Airport-BER )-MIAT Mongolian Airlines
- Moscow ( Sheremetyevo International Airport- SVO)- MIAT Mongolian Airlines and Aeroflot Russian Airlines
- Beijing ( Beijing Capital International Airport-PEK)- MIAT Mongolian Airlines and Air China
- Hong Kong ( Hong Kong International Airport-HKG)- MIAT Mongolian Airlines
- Istanbul ( Istanbul Ataturk Aiport-IST)- Turkish Airlines
- Seoul ( Incheon International Airport-ICN)- MIAT Mongolian Airlines and Korean Air
- Tokyo ( Narita International Airport-NRT and Haneda Airport-HND)- MIAT Mongolian Airlines
- Osaka( Kansai International Airport-KIX)-MIAT Mongolian Airlines only in summer time
- Bishkek ( Manas International Aiport-FRU)- Turkish Airlines
Once you are in Mongolia there are domestic flights operating daily within Mongolia to all the provinces.
- Hunnu Air
- Aero Mongolia
The Climate in Mongolia
Mongolia has 4 seasons and they are very different. Winter lasts from November to February, spring from March to mid-May, summer from mid-May till late August and Autumn is in September and October. The cold weather in the north can last a month or two longer than the Gobi areas. Mongolia can experience four seasons in a day. Weather can be changeable so plan for a cold snap. With more than 260 sunny days a year, Mongolia is known as the “Land of the Blue Sky”. Late September and early October will be bit colder so be preferred for any weather conditions. Our crew will accompany you all the time and will take care of you!
So, what to bring?
-Warm clothes, hat and gloves
- Long underwear for travel in the high mountains, comfortable footwear
- Small first-aid kit
- Warm sleeping bags ( on the mountains we will sleep in tents and yurts and we will give you matrasses and extra blankets)
- Prescription medications (if needed)
- Watch/alarm clock and torch/flashlight (and spare batteries)
- Daypack for use on day or overnight excursions
- Sunscreen, lip balm, sunhat and sunglasses
- Earplugs and eye mask (for light sleepers)
- Wind and waterproof jacket
- Comfortable and sturdy walking shoes with good walking socks.
- Camera and spare film (or recharge for digital cameras)
Culture of Mongolia
Mongolia is well known for its nomadic traditions. The nomadic way of lifestyle is still practiced today in the rural areas of the country. Nomads follow a seasonal routine raising and breeding the five main types of stock – goat, sheep, cattle (including yaks), camel and horse, migrating from place to place following the most favorable pastures and campsites.
The Mongolian language is the official language of Mongolia. It belongs to the Ural-Altaic language family, which includes Kazakh, Turkish, Korean and Finnish. Today more than 10 million people speak Mongolian. They live in Mongolia, Buriat republic of Russian federation, Inner Mongolia in China, Shingjan and Gansu regions of China, Tibet and even a few number of people living in the State of New Jersey in the USA . In Mongolia, the Khalkha dialect, written in Cyrillic, is predominant. The classical Mongolian script, also known as Uyghurjin, was the first writing system created specifically for the Mongolian language, and was the most successful until the introduction of Cyrillic in 1946.
Shamanism – Shamanism goes back in Mongolian history long before Chinggis Khan’s time, but it was Chinggis Khan that made it into such a fundamental part of the Mongolian tradition. At that time the Mongolians were worshipped “Hoh Tenger” (blue skies). According to this belief the skies are the father, and the earth is the mother of all beings in the universe. As a civilization totally dependent on the forces of nature, the Mongolians worshipped the various elements of nature, praying to their ancestors who have transformed into mythical spiritual animals to provide them with good weather, health and success. Though oppressed during communist time, Shamanism is still practiced in Mongolia, and people who seek help will approach a Shaman for a blessing or cure and even to get hints about their future.
Buddhism- Mongolians have followed Buddhism since the 16th century, when the Mongolian king, Altan Khan, was converted by Tibetan lamas. Mongolians follow Tibetan Buddhist teachings, (also called Lamaism), the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet and the Himalayan region. Today, Mongolia still embraces its Buddhist heritage. Monasteries are being restored, and are once again crowded with worshippers. The Dalai Lama is an enormously popular figure and has visited the country several times. For many Mongolians, the practice of Buddhism is flavored with traces of Shamanism, an even more ancient spirituality.
Other Religions- Mongolia also has a small Muslim community — about 6 per cent of the population. These are mostly ethnic Kazakhs living in the far west of the country.
The foundation of the traditional Mongolian food is based on the products of the animal nomadic herders raise in the Mongolian steppes – meat and milk. Those simple materials are processed with a variety of methods, and combined with vegetables and flour.
Mongolian traditional music composes a wide range of instruments and uses for the human voice found almost nowhere else. For instance, the Mongol Khoomii may be fascinating for foreigners. It is a musical, which can be delivered with a help of a guttural voice and specific way of breathing. One tone comes out as a whistle-like sound, the result of the locked breath in the chest being forced out through the throat in a specific way, while a lower tone sounds as a base.